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Historia Digital
, XVIII, 32, (2018). ISSN 1695-6214 © Ana Pujol-Soliano, 2018
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Paradójicamente en las primeras elecciones en que votaron las
mujeres, en 1933, ni Clara ni Victoria salieron elegidas como diputadas.
La derrota de los partidos republicanos y de izquierdas se achacó, por
parte de una gran mayoría, al sufragio femenino. Se señaló que las mujeres
habían votado por boca de su confesor y que por tanto se habían decantado
hacia la derecha. Sin embargo en las elecciones del 36, en las que ganó el
Frente Nacional, se dijo que el voto femenino había beneficiado a la izquierda
porque contaba ya con cierta formación política.
Abstract
Female suffrage was first raised in Spain during the beginning of the
Second Republic.
The session of Cortes of October 1, 1931 in which the new Constitution
was voted has passed into the annals of history. The importance of the topics
that were discussed were reflected in the magnificent speeches of our two
protagonists. They defended their position with great brilliance; Clara
Campoamor argued that granting women votes was essential to preserve
democracy and Victoria Kent, however, saw the need to postpone the
women's vote until women had been infused with republican values. After
heated debates, article 36 of the Constitution, which admitted universal
suffrage and consequently granted the vote to women, was approved by 161
votes in favor and 121 against.
Paradoxically, in the first elections in which women voted, in 1933,
neither Clara nor Victoria were elected as deputies.
On the part of a great majority the defeat of the republican and left
parties was attributed to women's suffrage. It was pointed out that the women