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, XXI, 37, (2021). ISSN 1695-6214 © M. S. Sánchez, 2021
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Año XXI, Número 37, Enero 2021
Depósito Legal M-34.164-2001
ISSN 1695-6214
Abstract
The first third of the twentieth century meant for Spain the necessary
awareness and structural changes in regard to the particular vision that had
been held so far on the school. The decision-making and practical concretions
that took place at this time were mainly due to educators, philanthropists and
social reformers who conceived the school as an elementary and, at the same
time, practical means, where the evils that affected the childhood could be
prevented and remedied, while their growing concern was to prepare such
childhood for their social future. The State has been particularly increasing its
presence in social matters, extending its legislative action in terms of
assistance, foresight and labor relations. To this end, institutions such as the
Institute of Social Reforms, the National Institute of Social Security, the
Ministry of Labor were created. All legislation that could be addressed at that
time wanted to echo the deficiencies of children and specifically school. The
figure of Maria Carbonell Sanchez, famous teacher, appears in this historical
context contributing, in a very unique way, in the social transformations of the
moment, not only with her presence as it is confirmed by her work in the Child
Protection Board, but also contributing a particular vision on the education that
drank from the sources of the Institucionism and the new pedagogy of the
moment.
Palabras Clave
higienismo; protección; mutualismo escolar; Regeneracionismo; María
Carbonell Sánchez