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Historia Digital colabora con la
Fundación ARTHIS
Historia Digital
, XVII, 30, (2017). ISSN 1695-6214 © Benedicto Cuervo Alvarez, 2017
187
más de setenta años, todavía nos viene a la memoria nombres que reflejan la
brutalidad y barbarie nazi como: Auschwitz, Treblinka, Dachau, Jasenovac o
Ravensbrück.
Abstract
The concentration camps Nazi were the places where the leader National
Socialists were taking the political, Jewish, gypsy dissidents and persons with
psychic or physical deficiencies and even to priests of diverse religions. In the
above mentioned camps there were persons of all the ages: children and girls,
young women, adults, elders and elderly and pregnant women. In a beginning
these camps were located in Germany (from 1933 to 1939) but, later, they
spread out for the whole Central Europe, North and Orientally. The most
important camps were approximately 71, though his number managed to
overcome the 7.000. Different types of concentration camps existed from
named of prison, of concentration, of work and, finally, of extermination. They
might be said that in the first two types of camps, the hardness was something
minor as well as the number of deceased with regard to the work camps and
extermination where the excessive work was provoking the death as the gas
chambers, this sped up in last two years of the Second World War.
In the concentration camps Nazi died more than six Jewish million
persons, most, but also dissident political, gypsy, Russians, persons minus
valid, homosexual, etc. After passed more than seventy years, still it comes to
our memory names that reflect the brutality and barbarism Nazi as: Auschwitz,
Treblinka, Dachau, Jasenovac or Ravensbrück.
Palabras Clave
Nazismo, campos de concentración, judíos, disidentes, SS, genocidio.