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Fundación ARTHIS
Historia Digital
, XVII, 29, (2017). ISSN 1695-6214 © Benedicto Cuervo Álvarez, 2017
154
Abstract
The Egyptian civilization was one of that more lasted along the history
because of it lasted, with some unevenness, during, at least, the IV
milleniums.
In spite of his long duration the social changes were minimal and the
social hierarchy practically inalterable. The Pharaoh (considered as a God),
his family and court were occupying the high places of the State (military
chiefs, supreme judges, supreme priests ...) and they were possessing the
lands and abundant slaves to work. The high Egyptian class was constituted
by the nobility and the clergy that, often, they were related by the family of the
Pharaoh. It is not strange that a brother of the own Pharaoh, uncle or cousin
was occupying the position of Supreme Priest.
In addition, we can affirm that the Egyptian society was polytheistic
because they adored to infinity of gods (from national gods to domestic gods)
and pious in end. The Pharaoh was the same living God and it was not
possible to look his to the face.
It did not exist the called middle class because the civil servants and
the writters were shaping the head of the low Egyptian class and they were at
the mercy of the Pharaoh and the nobility.
The slaves who were acquiring the above mentioned condition as
hostages of war or for debts, they were occupying the social stratum more low
and difficultly they could leave their social status.
Palabras Clave
Faraón, casta sacerdotal, escribas, campesinos, esclavos, actividades
comerciales, religión politeísta.